UHRN Procedures to help someone who has collapsed?

Assess the situation

Stay calm and examine the area for potential dangers to you, the victim and others. Look for needles, blood and any surrounding dangers. Ensure a safe environment for the victim and yourself by dealing with the dangers first.

Assess the victim

Check to see if they need your help by checking their level of consciousness. Call their name, if they do not respond or if they appear like they are in a deep sleep try waking them up by “shaking and shouting”. Squeeze their earlobes, try to get them to open their eyes or squeeze your hand.  If they do not respond, they are unconscious.

Airway and respiratory management

Check to see if the person is breathing. If the person is unconscious and lying on their back, check to see if they have anything in their mouth that may potentially be blocking their airway and remove it. Put them on their side to prevent their tongue from sliding back and blocking their airway. When putting them on their side, ensure their head is tilted back and slightly downward. If the victim is not breathing call Uganda harm reduction office for help or take to the nearest hospital.

Use of Narcan

Naloxone (Narcan) is a narcotic antagonist otherwise known as an antidote for opioid overdose. Narcan is administered by injection, trained medical professionals such as doctors, nurses and paramedics. Narcan works by rapidly reversing the depressive affects of the opioid in the body but not of alcohol or barbiturates. Narcan is a temporary treatment to opioid overdose, as it only last between 1-4 hours in the body, and usually requires multiple doses. When Narcan begins to wear off the heroin in the body begins to take effect causing the victim to slowly become unconscious again.


Uganda Harm Reduction Network (UHRN) is a Community Based Organisation, established in 2011, Reg No. WCBO/1253/11, found by former drug users, to provide a national platform and reduce the health, social and economic harms associated with “drug use”. We further seek to develop an enabling environment for the implementation and expansion of human right interventions for Drug Users (IDUs, Sex Workers and Youth) in Uganda in partnerships with other stakeholders as we strive for victory. Vision: “A Ugandan society that reorganizes and protects the health, social, economic and human rights of drug users”. Mission: “To reduce the health, social and economic harms associated with drug use to develop an enabling environment for the implementation and expansion of human right interventions for drug users in Uganda. Objectives: We work to: • Promote access to cancer screening, psychosocial support and comprehensive care (HIV, SRHR, TB, and Hepatitis B and C treatment). • Organize and equip drug users whose rights have been violated to take responsibility of their health, social, economic wellbeing and sustainability through economic empowerment trainings and functional adult literacy programmes. • Document and expose human rights violations against drug users and call for legal protection and engage in policy reforms on laws that negatively impact on drug users. • Build partnership, synergy and develop the leadership capacity of drug users to take charge of their program. • Promote the health, social economic and human rights of “drug users” in Uganda irrespective of their social, economic, academic, cultural or political background. • Promote safer sex education such as condom use, needle and syringe exchange program, comprehensive care and mechanism on how to deal with issues of overdose, trafficking and violence against drug users. • Call for an enabling environment and strengthen partnerships towards “drug users”. Core values for UHRN: The driving forces that guide all actions and practices in UHRN are:- • Social justice, protection and recognition in society • Love and respect for one another. • Support and care for one another • Honesty in all our undertakings • Empathy for each other as drug users • Sharing the available resources.


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